AVO Logo
Site Map | FAQ |
Alaska Volcano Observatory
Summary | Color Code Definitions | Webcams | Webicorders | RSAM | Activity Notifications | Notification Search | Great Sitkin | Semisopochnoi 
You are here: Home > Current Volcanic Activity > Activity Notifications

VOLCANO ACTIVITY NOTIFICATIONS

2020
September (23 reports)
August (32 reports)
July (32 reports)
June (38 reports)
May (32 reports)
April (32 reports)
March (35 reports)
February (34 reports)
January (40 reports)
2019
December (35 reports)
November (33 reports)
October (33 reports)
September (35 reports)
August (33 reports)
July (36 reports)
June (33 reports)
May (31 reports)
April (31 reports)
March (31 reports)
February (31 reports)
January (34 reports)
2018
December (34 reports)
November (35 reports)
October (33 reports)
September (34 reports)
August (31 reports)
July (32 reports)
June (33 reports)
May (34 reports)
April (32 reports)
March (35 reports)
February (30 reports)
January (32 reports)
2017
December (34 reports)
November (33 reports)
October (31 reports)
September (33 reports)
August (47 reports)
July (52 reports)
June (59 reports)
May (40 reports)
April (35 reports)
March (39 reports)
February (51 reports)
January (80 reports)
2016
December (52 reports)
November (32 reports)
October (32 reports)
September (30 reports)
August (33 reports)
July (36 reports)
June (33 reports)
May (36 reports)
April (34 reports)
March (36 reports)
February (30 reports)
January (32 reports)
2015
December (34 reports)
November (33 reports)
October (39 reports)
September (36 reports)
August (32 reports)
July (36 reports)
June (32 reports)
May (36 reports)
April (35 reports)
March (34 reports)
February (28 reports)
January (34 reports)
2014
December (32 reports)
November (36 reports)
October (34 reports)
September (33 reports)
August (33 reports)
July (35 reports)
June (39 reports)
May (33 reports)
April (32 reports)
March (32 reports)
February (30 reports)
January (35 reports)
2013
December (33 reports)
November (31 reports)
October (34 reports)
September (32 reports)
August (34 reports)
July (32 reports)
June (36 reports)
May (36 reports)
April (29 reports)
March (35 reports)
February (30 reports)
January (32 reports)
2012
December (30 reports)
November (32 reports)
October (31 reports)
September (31 reports)
August (32 reports)
July (31 reports)
June (32 reports)
May (32 reports)
April (30 reports)
March (35 reports)
February (30 reports)
January (8 reports)
2011
December (27 reports)
November (31 reports)
October (31 reports)
September (30 reports)
August (31 reports)
July (15 reports)
June (4 reports)
May (4 reports)
April (5 reports)
March (31 reports)
February (28 reports)
January (31 reports)
2010
December (31 reports)
November (30 reports)
October (31 reports)
September (30 reports)
August (9 reports)
July (5 reports)
June (14 reports)
May (10 reports)
April (13 reports)
February (4 reports)
January (10 reports)
2009
December (5 reports)
November (1 report)
October (22 reports)
September (31 reports)
August (29 reports)
July (36 reports)
June (33 reports)
May (37 reports)
April (35 reports)
March (58 reports)
February (30 reports)
January (39 reports)
2008
December (32 reports)
November (32 reports)
October (35 reports)
September (32 reports)
August (45 reports)
July (45 reports)
June (30 reports)
May (32 reports)
April (30 reports)
March (5 reports)

Older reports can be found here.

Report Text
Printer friendly version


ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY WEEKLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Friday, March 6, 2020, 1:10 PM AKST (Friday, March 6, 2020, 22:10 UTC)


SEMISOPOCHNOI VOLCANO (VNUM #311060)
51°55'44" N 179°35'52" E, Summit Elevation 2625 ft (800 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Unrest continues at Semisopochnoi. Seismic activity persists and is characterized by short bursts of tremor and earthquakes. Although satellite observations were mostly obscured by clouds over the past week, high-resolution satellite data from the afternoon of 1 March showed a robust steam plume issuing from a vent within the main crater on the island. This vent has been active over the past six months and the return of steam emissions is consistent with continued unrest. There is no indication that activity is increasing towards an eruption in the short-term, but explosive activity could resume with little to no warning.

Semisopochnoi is monitored with an on-island seismic network and remotely by satellite and lightning sensors. Furthermore, an infrasound array on Adak Island may detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay if atmospheric conditions permit.


Remote Semisopochnoi volcano occupies the largest, young volcanic island in the western Aleutians. The volcano is dominated by an 8-km (5-mile) diameter caldera that contains a small lake and a number of post-caldera cones and craters. The age of the caldera is not known with certainty but is likely early Holocene. The last known eruption of Semisopochnoi occurred in 1987, probably from Sugarloaf Peak on the south coast of the island, but details are lacking. Another prominent, young post-caldera landform is Mount Cerberus, a three-peaked cone cluster in the southwest part of the caldera. The island is uninhabited and part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. It is located 65 km (40 mi) northeast of Amchitka Island and 200 km (130 mi) west of Adak.

GREAT SITKIN VOLCANO (VNUM #311120)
52°4'35" N 176°6'39" W, Summit Elevation 5709 ft (1740 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Unrest continues at Great Sitkin. Seismicity at Great Sitkin has been slightly elevated for much of the past week. On Friday, 6 March, 2020 at 6:31 AM AKST (15:31 UTC) a relatively large and shallow magnitude 3.5 earthquake occurred 1 km from the summit. Seismicity since has returned to levels comparable to earlier in the week. Although this earthquake represents a significant increase in the seismic activity at the volcano, it does not mean that an eruption is imminent. There have been no signs of activity in satellite data over the past week, although observations were limited by cloud cover. AVO is closely monitoring the volcano for other signs of unrest that may indicate increased activity or likelihood of an eruption.

Great Sitkin Volcano is monitored with a local real-time seismic network, which will typically allow AVO to detect changes in unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption would be accomplished using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.


Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older decapitated volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a 2-3 km diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during an eruption in 1974, occupies the center of the crater. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced a lava dome and at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.

SHISHALDIN VOLCANO (VNUM #311360)
54°45'19" N 163°58'16" W, Summit Elevation 9373 ft (2857 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

No significant activity has occurred at Shishaldin volcano since the eruption on 19 January 2020. Weakly elevated surface temperatures were seen in satellite images during periods of clear weather on several days over the past week. Satellite imagery of the crater show only minor slumping and subsidence withing the summit crater since the activity of 19 January 2020. Seismicity has remained low throughout the week, and is at or near background levels for Shishaldin.

Though activity has declined over the past few weeks, eruptive activity at Shishaldin has been episodic over the past several months. It remains possible for unrest to escalate at any time with little warning, and additional lava flows, lahars, and ash-producing eruptions may occur.

Shishaldin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, web cameras, a telemetered geodetic and tilt network, and distant infrasound and lightning networks.


Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.

CLEVELAND VOLCANO (VNUM #311240)
52°49'20" N 169°56'42" W, Summit Elevation 5676 ft (1730 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Unrest continues at Cleveland. The data outage of local seismic, infrasound and web camera data ended on Sunday (1 March 2020). Seismicity over the past week has been low. Satellite observations during periods of clear weather show elevated surface temperatures in the summit crater that are consistent with continued unrest.

Additional episodes of lava effusion and explosions are likely and will occur without advance warning. The most recent explosion of Cleveland occurred on January 9, 2019. These explosions are normally short duration and only present a hazard to aviation in the immediate vicinity of the volcano. Larger explosions that present a more widespread hazard to aviation are possible, but less likely and/or frequent.


Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.

OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES

Information on all Alaska volcanoes is available at : http://www.avo.alaska.edu.

For definitions of Aviation Color Codes and Volcano Alert Levels, see: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php

SUBSCRIBE TO VOLCANO ALERT MESSAGES by email: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns/

FOLLOW AVO ON FACEBOOK: https://facebook.com/alaska.avo

FOLLOW AVO ON TWITTER: https://twitter.com/alaska_avo

CONTACT INFORMATION:

Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.
VOLCANO ALERT LEVELS
NORMAL
Volcano is in typical background, noneruptive state or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has ceased and volcano has returned to noneruptive background state.
ADVISORY
Volcano is exhibiting signs of elevated unrest above known background level or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for possible renewed increase.
WATCH
Volcano is exhibiting heightened or escalating unrest with increased potential of eruption, timeframe uncertain, OR eruption is underway but poses limited hazards.
WARNING
Hazardous eruption is imminent, underway, or suspected.
AVIATION COLOR CODES
GREEN
Volcano is in typical background, noneruptive state or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has ceased and volcano has returned to noneruptive background state.
YELLOW
Volcano is exhibiting signs of elevated unrest above known background level or, after a change from a higher level, volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for possible renewed increase.
ORANGE
Volcano is exhibiting heightened or escalating unrest with increased potential of eruption, timeframe uncertain, OR eruption is underway with no or minor volcanic-ash emissions [ash-plume height specified, if possible].
RED
Eruption is imminent with significant emission of volcanic ash into the atmosphere likely OR eruption is underway or suspected with significant emission of volcanic ash into the atmosphere [ash-plume height specified, if possible].
Contact AVO Privacy Accessibility Information Quality FOIA
URL: www.avo.alaska.edu/activity/avoreport.php
Page modified: February 17, 2017 10:11
Contact Information: AVO Web Team

twitter @alaska_avo
facebook alaska.avo
email Receive volcano updates by email: USGS VNS

This website is supported by the U.S. Geological Survey under Cooperative Agreement Grant G19AC00060 and G19AC00171.

Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute their endorsement by the U.S. Geological Survey.