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AVO VOLCANO ACTIVITY NOTIFICATION

ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Sunday, May 30, 2021, 1:18 PM AKDT (Sunday, May 30, 2021, 21:18 UTC)


SEMISOPOCHNOI VOLCANO (VNUM #311060)
51°55'44" N 179°35'52" E, Summit Elevation 2625 ft (800 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Low-level ash emissions resumed today around 1745 UTC (0945 AKDT) and were accompanied by an increase in seismic tremor (continuous shaking). They are visible in geostationary satellite data and are continuing through 2050 UTC (1250 AKDT), Seismic tremor remains elevated at present and intensity varies. The ash cloud is moving towards the south over Amchitka Island at an altitude of about 5000 ft asl, This height is based on wind trajectory and on observations from field crews yesterday during similar periods of ash emission. High-spatial resolution data from yesterday afternoon show strongly elevated surface temperatures in the active (northernmost) vent of Mount Cerberus. Infrasound data show no evidence of strong explosive events. Seismicity over the past day has been characterized by periods of elevated tremor that has waxed and waned over periods of hours, interspersed with times of much lower amplitude.

Small eruptions producing minor ash deposits within the vicinity of the active north crater of Mount Cerberus and ash clouds under 10,000 ft above sea level are typical of recent activity at Semisopochnoi. Small explosions may occur undetected by regional infrasound sensors and cloudy weather conditions.

Semisopochnoi is monitored by a local seismic network, satellite data, regional infrasound, and lightning detection instruments. An infrasound array on Adak Island may detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a slight delay (approximately 13 minutes) if atmospheric conditions permit.


GREAT SITKIN VOLCANO (VNUM #311120)
52°4'35" N 176°6'39" W, Summit Elevation 5709 ft (1740 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Seismicity was at very low levels over the past day. Satellite observations show moderately elevated surface temperature over past day, indicative of continued low-level unrest. No ash emissions have been observed since the explosive event on May 25 (local time).

The prognosis for renewed eruptive activity is uncertain. Additional explosive events, the eruption of lava, or a return to non-eruptive behaviors are all possible. AVO will report on significant changes and observations in monitoring data should they occur.

Great Sitkin volcano is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, web cameras, and remote infrasound and lightning networks.


CLEVELAND VOLCANO (VNUM #311240)
52°49'20" N 169°56'42" W, Summit Elevation 5676 ft (1730 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

No activity was observed in seismic or infrasound data over the past day. Satellite observations have been obscured by clouds.

Episodes of lava effusion and explosions can occur without advance warning. Explosions from Cleveland are normally short duration and only present a hazard to aviation in the immediate vicinity of the volcano. Larger explosions that present a more widespread hazard to aviation are possible, but are less likely and occur less frequently.

When operational, Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to precisely locate earthquakes and detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.


OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES

Information on all Alaska volcanoes is available at : http://www.avo.alaska.edu.

For definitions of Aviation Color Codes and Volcano Alert Levels, see: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php

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CONTACT INFORMATION:

Kristi Wallace, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
kwallace@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085



The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.
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