ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Tuesday, May 31, 2022, 1:29 PM AKDT (Tuesday, May 31, 2022, 21:29 UTC)
Several small earthquakes were located at Great Sitkin over the last day, but clouds obscured satellite and webcam images of the summit area. Recent satellite radar images continue to indicate slow growth of the lava flow area. It is possible that new explosive activity could occur with little or no warning.
Great Sitkin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, web cameras, and remote infrasound and lightning networks.
Low-level eruption probably continues from the active vent on the upper eastern flank. Seismic tremor continued over the last day but no explosions were detected. Clouds obscured satellite and webcam images.
Small explosions associated with the current eruption could happen at any time and may be accompanied by small ash plumes within the immediate vicinity of the volcano. The level of unrest at Pavlof can change quickly and the progression to more significant eruptive activity can occur with little or no warning.
Pavlof is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, web cameras, and remote infrasound and lightning networks.
Low-level eruptive activity continues with several small exploisions and intermittent tremor detected in seismic data over the past day. Satellite and web camera views were obscured by clouds, but low-level ash emissions associated with these explosions likely continue.
Small eruptions producing minor ash deposits within the vicinity of the active north crater of Mount Cerberus and ash clouds usually under 10,000 ft (3 km) above sea level have characterized the recent activity. Small explosions and associated ash emissions may continue and could be difficult to detect, especially when thick cloud cover obscures the volcano.
Semisopochnoi is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, web cameras, and remote infrasound and lightning networks.
Elevated surface temperatures and a steam and sulfur dioxide gas plume were observed in satellite data over the past day. No significant seismic or infrasound activity was detected.
Episodes of lava effusion and explosions can occur without advance warning. Explosions from Cleveland are normally short duration and only present a hazard to aviation in the immediate vicinity of the volcano. Larger explosions that present a more widespread hazard to aviation are possible, but are less likely and occur less frequently.
When operational, Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to precisely locate earthquakes and detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES
Information on all Alaska volcanoes is available at: http://www.avo.alaska.edu.
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Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS email@example.com (907) 786-7497
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