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SAMPLE INFO : 37_110-37_83.5
Sample ID:37_110-37_83.5
Station ID:Nayudu_core_37
Latitude:53.78246695
Longitude:-161.4185975
Datum:NAD83
Sample Type 1:Tephra Fall
Text Description:
Sample ID is the core number_cruise-and-sample-number_length (cm) from Table 1 in Nayudu (1964), which contains the list of the cores containing volcanic ash, their position, depth and length. Depth of 2,175 fathoms. A middle basic ash is present from 47-55 cm, and is brownish-black with a clearly defined base and poorly marked upper limit. Predominantly grayish-brown glass shards that are irregular and splintery with inclusions of gas bubbles and minerals, the most common being plagioclase, feldspar, and pyroxene. Shards show little to no alteration. Mechanical analysis (49-51 cm) has the following size fractions: 1.3% fine sand, 3.8% very fine sand, 80% silt. The median diameter is 23 microns and the sorting coefficient is 2.07. Glass content varies from 70-80% and the mineral and crystal fragments make up the rest. Hypersthene is the dominant mineral and some of the other important mineral constituents are basaltic hornblende, augite, magnetite and plagioclase (andesine and labradorite). The average refractive index of the glass is 1.562 +/- 0.002. Inferred to be 12,000-15,000 years old.

References:
Volcanic ash deposits in the Gulf of Alaska and problems of correlation of deep-sea ash deposits

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